1. Influence of a Brief Aerobic Training Program on Heart Rate and Subjective Response to a Psychologic Stressor (1978)
Aerobic training may be an effective way for low-fit persons to deal with psychological stressors.
2. Influence of Aerobic Exercise Training and Relaxation Training on Physical and Psychologic Health Following Stressful Life Events (1987)
Aerobic training is effective for psychological health and may be useful for reducing the severity and duration of depressive reactions following stressful life changes.
3. Regular Exercise and Aerobic Fitness in Relation to Psychological Make-up and Physiological Stress Reactivity (1993)
Regular exercise does not increase the resistance to stress-related diseases.
4. Run for your mind: Aerobic exercise as a means of alleviating anxiety and depression (1980)
Aerobic exercise enhances self-esteem and self-confidence and decreases anxiety and depression in this way.
5. Exercise in prevention and treatment of anxiety and depression among children and young people (2009)
There is a small effect of aerobic exercise in decreasing depression and anxiety, no matter the intensity.
State anxiety reduces when doing 50 minutes of aerobic training.
7. The effect of aerobic exercise on self-esteem and depressive and anxiety symptoms among breast cancer survivors (1998)
Mild and moderate aerobic exercise reduce anxiety and depression in breast cancer survivors
8. The effects of physical fitness training on trait anxiety and physical self-concept of female university students (2003)
Aerobics reduces trait anxiety and strengthens physical self-perceptions
Both high and low intensity exercise reduces anxiety sensitivity
10. Mood changes in women after an aerobics class: A preliminary study (1993)
Increased positive affect and decreased negative affect and fatigue after doing Aerobics
Physical activity buffers effects against physical symptoms and anxiety
12. Effects of Aerobic Exercise on transient mood state (1991)
Aerobic activity reduces mood disturbance and reduced tension-anxiety
13. Effects of exercise on anxiety: A review (1990)
There is a positive effect of exercise in reducing anxiety
14. Aerobic fitness effects in fibromyalgia (2003)
Aerobic exercise is beneficial to patients with Fibromyalgia.
15. The effects of aerobic exercise on childhood PTSD, anxiety, and depression (2007)
A decrease was shown in full PTSD criteria of the participants after exercising
16. Psychological effects of an aerobic exercise session and a rest session following pregnancy (1997)
State anxiety and depression decreases when doing exercise
17. Effects of exercise training on anxiety: A meta-analysis (1995)
Exercise decreases anxiety levels
18. Cognitive Group Therapy and Aerobic Exercise in the Treatment of Anxiety (1999)
Cognitive group therapy, as well as aerobics, decreases anxiety
19. Influence of aerobic and stretching exercise on anxiety and sensation-seeking mood state (2000)
Sensation seeking is increased and anxiety is decreased after doing exercise
Perceived fitness increased mood variables, whereas aerobic fitness did not
21. Benefits from aerobic exercise in patients with major depression: a pilot study (2001)
Aerobic exercise improves mood in depressive patients
The effectiveness of exercise on depression couldn’t be revealed, due to lack of good quality research
23. Effects of aerobic exercise on depression: a controlled study (1985)
A training program with aerobics has anti-depressive effects on depressive patients
24. The role of aerobic exercise in the treatment of depression (1987)
Aerobics was effective in reducing depression
25. Effects of Exercise Training on Older Patients With Major Depression (1999)
Exercise has the same effect on mood as anti-depressants
26. Exercise Treatment for Major Depression: Maintenance of Therapeutic Benefit at 10 Months (2000)
Depressive patients have benefit of doing exercise
27. Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome (2008)
Aerobics has a positive effect on physical capacity and in reducing fibromyalgia symptoms
28. Effects of self-efficacy and dispositional optimism on adherence to step aerobic exercise classes (1995)
Adherers of aerobics scored significantly higher on self-efficacy
29. The effect of aerobic exercises on the ocular parameters and the psychic state of glaucoma patients (2008)
There was no difference found in ocular parameters. Anxiety as a trait did not change, whereas anxiety as a state decreased significantly
30. Coping strategies for working women: Aerobic exercise and relaxation interventions (1988)
Aerobics decreased anxiety and increased self-efficacy, but coping strategies didn’t change
31. Efficiency of Coping with a Real-Life Stressor: A Multimodal Comparison of Aerobic Fitness (1987)
High levels of aerobics are associated with greater coping efficiency
32. Effect of aerobic and strength training on pain tolerance, pain appraisal and mood of unfit males as a function of pain location (1994)
Aerobic exercise is linked to increased upper limp pain tolerance, but also more severe pain appraisal. There is also a decrease in fatigue and depression when doing exercise.
33. The effect of acute aerobic exercise on positive activated affect: A meta-analysis (2006)
Doing aerobic exercises produces a positive activated affect
34. Comparison of Acute Psychological Effects from “Exergames” vs. Traditional Exercise (2010)
Exergames give the same psychological benefits as traditional exercise does
1. Yoga and aikido practice: An investigation into anxiety (2009)
No relationship has been found between aikido practice and anxiety
2. Six months aikido training shortens reaction time (2010)
Aikido improves your reaction time
3. Does brief aikido training reduce aggression of youth? (1995)
This study didn’t show a reduction in aggression when doing aikido
4. The difference of forgiveness between college students who practice aikido and those who do not in Jakarta (2011)
Students who practice aikido seem to be more forgiving
5. Martial arts and psychological health (1988)
Aikido training is associated with positive psychological effects
6. Psychological Research on Martial Artists (2012)
The effect of gender and cultural praxis on Aikido
1. Playing Position and Psychological Skill in American Football (1995)
Players need both physical and psychological skills to succeed in contests
2. Personality Profiles of North American Professional Football Players (2006)
There are personality differences among players of different positions in American Football
3. Black Football Players on a Predominantly White College Campus: Psychosocial and Emotional Realities of the Black College Athlete Experience (2008)
Black football players experience distinction and emotional disadvantages in white college campus
4. Relationship Between Concussion and Neuropsychological Performance in College Football Players (1999)
Neuropsychological assessment is a useful indicator of cognitive functioning in athletes
5. The effects of Stress Management Training on collegiate football athletes' anxiety, self-esteem, self-efficacy, motivation, academic performance and coping skills (2008)
No significant effects were found in anxiety, self-esteem, self-efficacy, motivation, academic performance and coping skills between groups
6. Concussion in Professional Football (2004)
The ball return carrier and quarterbacks are the most vulnerable players for repeated concussion in professional football
7. Association between Recurrent Concussion and Late-Life Cognitive Impairment in Retired Professional Football Players (2005)
The onset of dementia-related syndromes may be initiated by repeated concussions
8. Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in a National Football League Player (2005)
Professional American Football players might be associated with later on chronic traumatic encephalopathy
9. Impact of Playing American Professional Football on Long-Term Brain Function (2011)
Playing professional football is associated with a higher risk for brain damage
A part of the difference in narcissism between football players and non-athletes is somehow stereotypic, but partly also real
11. Gender role conflict and stigma toward help-seeking among college football players (2009)
The highest level of Gender Role Conflict among football players was associated with higher levels of athletic identity and stigma towards seeking psychological help
12. Personality profile of nonscholarship college football players (1991)
Nonscholarship college football players reported more anger compared to football player attending an institution. There is also a difference in mood scores.
13. Psychological and Sport-Specific Characteristics of Football Players (2000)
A reduction in reaction time was found (especially in high-level players) after the exercise compared to previous
14. A comparison of coping strategies of ethnically diverse football players (2006)
Non-white players used fewer intrinsic factors than extrinsic factors, compared to white players
15. The relationship among college self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy, and athletic self efficacy for African American male football players (2005)
A relationship was found between college, academic and athletic self-efficacy
16. Collective Efficacy and Team Performance: A
Longitudinal Study of Collegiate Football Teams (2004)
Collective Efficacy was found to be a positive predictor of offensive performance and offensive performance was a positive predictor for collective efficacy
17. Sport psychology research in American football: A review of the literature (1994)
Psychological topics like arousal-performance relationships, personality factors, training paradigms, and interpersonal dynamics associated with racial difference are discussed
18. A personality profile of the Black athlete in college football (1983)
Black seniors tended to be more authoritarian and were more likely to be external and chance oriented on the Locus Of Control
19. The relationship between perceived coaching behaviors and group cohesion in high school football teams (1991)
Coaches who were perceived as engaging in higher levels of social support were associated with higher levels of task cohesion
1. Assessing motivational differences among recreational anglers (2009)
Competitive anglers spent more time and money on fishing than leisure anglers. They also place more importance on skill-oriented aspects of fishing
2. Perceived Benefits of Recreational Fishing to Hispanic-American and Anglo Anglers (2001)
The Anglos placed greater importance on escaping individual stressors and being in a natural environment, whereas Hispanic-Americans did on achievement
3. Patterns of Participation and Motivation among Saltwater Tournament Anglers (1989)
Though both angler groups appreciated the non-catch aspects of fishing, tournament anglers set priority on seeking certain species
4. The Importance of Catch Motives to Recreational Anglers: The Effects of Catch Satiation and Deprivation (2001)
Trout anglers place more importance on catching certain species under condition of catch-deprivation than on catch-satiation
5. Understanding Angler Motivations in Fisheries Management (1994)
There is little difference in motivation among freshwater and saltwater anglers, but especially a diversity in their motivations was found
6. Gender differences in recreational fishing motivations (2008)
Three different motives for angling are relaxation, experience and skill
1. Research in Coping Strategy of Archery (1999)
Archery scored higher on problem solving and help seeking and chose less self blame and avoidance
2. The Use of Cognition—Behavior Adjust in the Mental Adjustment of the Shooting and Archery Players (2001)
There is an important role for cognition-emotion state in improving archery skills
3. Study on the Personality Characteristics and Training Countermeasures for Women Archery Elites in Ten Years of Training (2004)
There is some kind of compensation phenomenon between anti-stress and kinesthetic for different personality archers.
4. Effects on archery performance of manipulating metamotivational state and felt arousal (1997)
There is a possible importance of hedonic tone in performance
5. Psychological studies in archery (1986)
Success in archery depends on the ability to isolate oneself and to avoid too much contact with other competitors
5. Discussion on Mental Feature and Mental Training of Archery Athletes (2004)
Keypoint in archery is to enhance mental quality and emphasize importance of mental training
6. Physiological arousal and performance in elite archers: A field study (1998)
Performance outcome and heart rate pattern should be assessed during training to determine optimal arousal
7. A case study of improved performance in archery using hypnosis (1995)
Improved performance was found after using hypnosis on archer
1. Soccer competition anxiety and enjoyment in young boy players. The influence of perceived competence and significant others' emotional involvement (1991)
Low self-esteem in soccer was related to competition anxiety, whereas high perceived soccer competence were predictive of enjoyment in soccer
2. The effects of a somatic intervention strategy on competitive state anxiety and performance in semiprofessional soccer players (1995)
Following the matching hypothesis: a compatible treatment proved most effective in reducing the targeted anxiety
3. Trait-state anxiety, worry, emotionality, and self-confidence in top-level soccer players (1995)
Task irrelevant cognitions are correlated only with cognitive anxiety and not with either self-confidence or somatic anxiety
4. A multidisciplinary approach to talent identification in soccer (2000)
The test battery used may be useful in establishing baseline reference data for young players being selected onto specialized development programs
5. Avoidance motivation and choking under pressure in soccer penalty shootouts (2008)
Avoidance behavior occurred more with negative valence shots than with positive shots
6. Sport injuries and level of anxiety in soccer players (1998)
To minimize the risk of sports injuries an optimum anxiety trait score is important as extreme scores are associated with a greater risk of suffering injuries
7. Psychoanalysis and adjusting rightly before the soccer match of university students (2005)
To form the best competitive state, the coach should train through the systematic psychology before the match
8. The effects of self-esteem, self-efficacy, and audience presence on soccer penalty shot performance (1997)
This research was unable to identify common characteristics associated with penalty shot success
9. Kicks from the penalty mark in soccer: The roles of stress, skill, and fatigue for kick outcomes (2007)
Psychological components of soccer are most influential for the outcome of penalty kicks
10. Psychological factors as predictors of injuries among senior soccer players. A prospective study (2010)
Injury was predicted by somatic trait anxiety, psychic trait anxiety, stress susceptibility and trait irritability
11. Psychological predictors of sport injuries among junior soccer players (2010)
The main factors that influence injury occurrence are life event stress, somatic trait anxiety, mistrust and ineffective coping
12. Mood State Relationships and Soccer Team Performance (1995)
When a team won the game, they were likely to show lower tension, depression, anger and confusion than when they lost or tied
13. Relationships Between Mood, Cohesion And Satisfaction With Performance Among Soccer Players (2002)
Vigor and AGTT were associated with perceiving performance to be successful, whereas depressed mood was shown to be associated with a poor perception of performance
14. Recency and Frequency of Soccer Heading Interact to Decrease Neurocognitive Performance (2003)
Heading behavior is problematic for
causing transient cognitive impairment
15. Perfectionism and burnout in junior elite soccer players: The mediating influence of unconditional self-acceptance (2008)
A contingent sense of self-worth is central to both socially prescribed
and self-oriented perfectionism
16. Effect of Playing Football (Soccer) on Balance, Strength, and Quality of Life in Unilateral Below-Knee Amputees (2007)
Playing football may have positive effects on balance and health-related quality of life in unilateral below-knee amputees
17. Sources of stress and coping strategies of US soccer officials (2008)
There’s a great importance for officials in learning and implementing numerous stress management interventions
18. Talent development in English professional soccer (2006)
The Hope Theory may be a useful framework for understanding psychological issues that enable some talented adolescent soccer players to make it to professional adult soccer
19. Psychological characteristics and talent identification in soccer (2000)
Cross-sectional research on adults cannot be extrapolated for use in talent identification with adolescents
20. Coping under pressure: cognitive strategies for maintaining confidence among soccer referees (2007)
A range of coping mechanisms serve to enhance self-esteem among referees
21. Coping Skills of Olympic Developmental Soccer Athletes (2008)
Older, more experienced athletes revealed more positive athletic and pain coping skills than younger, less experienced athletes
22. Personality Traits Relate to Heading Frequency in Male Soccer Players (2007)
Players who headed most had higher extraversion scores and physical height was the best predictor
23. Relation between social cohesion and team performance in soccer teams (2003)
This study suggests the existence of a link between social cohesion and team performance
24. Personality Orientations and Performance in Soccer Teams (2011)
More successful teams had more players who were high on self-orientation and low on both interaction- and task-orientation
25. Relationships Among Motivational Climate, Satisfaction, Perceived Ability, and Fair Play Attitudes in Young Soccer Players (2004)
Perceptions of a task-involving climate were positively associated with satisfaction in practices
26. Perceived motivational climate in male youth soccer: relations to social–moral functioning, sportspersonship and team norm perceptions (2003)
Players who perceived the motivational climate as mastery oriented reported more mature levels of social–moral reasoning and better sportspersonhip behaviours
27. The relationship among perceived competence, intrinsic motivation, and control perceptions in youth soccer (1998)
The best predictor of perceived soccer competence was years of soccer experience, followed by possessing an intrinsic motivation
28. Observed Prosocial and Antisocial Behaviors in MaleSoccer Teams: Age Differences across Adolescence and the Role of Motivational Variables (2006)
Mastery climate followed by performance climate accounted for the largest decrease in the variance of both prosocial and antisocial behaviors
29. The use of imagery by soccer players (1994)
Players used imagery especially for the motivational function. Elite athletes reported employing more imagery than non-elite athletes
30. Psychosocial predictors of goal orientations in youth soccer (1994)
Higher scores on perceived soccer competence were primarily associated with higher scores on player ego orientation
31. Goal orientations, beliefs about success, and performance improvement among young elite Dutch soccer players (1999)
A positive association between ego orientation and the belief that ability is the determinant of success was revealed
32. The social environment and developmental experiences in elite youth soccer (2012)
The role of the coach and team environment is two important aspects for facilitating positive youth outcomes
33. The influence of attributional style on the soccer-related self-esteem and persistence in soccer of young boys (1991)
Young soccer players with low soccer-related self-esteem and those who also highly value their soccer abilities, may be a potential target group for attribution retraining
34. Influence of exercise intensity on the decision-making performance of experienced and inexperienced soccer players (2009)
Exercise does not affect the accuracy of decision making
Being part of a cohesive team is associated with positive mood states and that depressed mood was associated with poor perception of performance
1. Generalization of social anxiety to sporting and athletic situations: Gender, sports involvement, and parental pressure (2000)
Social anxiety and fear of negative evaluation were generally related to social-evaluative fears in sporting or athletic situations
2. Measuring anxiety in athletics: the revised competitive state anxiety inventory-2 (2000)
It’s suggested that the CSAI-2R instead of the CSAI-2 be used by researchers and practitioners for measuring competitive state anxiety in athletes
3. Anxiety and athletic performance: a test of zone of optimal function theory (1995)
This study provides support for Honin’s Zone of Optimal Functioning
4. The uses of mental imagery in athletics: An overview (1997)
Further research on the use of mental imagery in athletics is recommended
5. The arousal-performance relationship: Task characteristics and performance measures in track and field athletics (1988)
The level of arousal state needed for maximal performance could not be differentiated for specific events
6. A Study of Tension and Anxiety of College Athletes in Competition (2006)
Anxiety in competition is directly related to the effect from the past failure and to the underestimation of the difficulty of competition
7. Perfectionism and competitive anxiety in athletes: Differentiating striving for perfection and negative reactions to imperfection (2007)
Perfectionism was associated with higher cognitive and somatic competitive anxiety
8. Measurement of values expression in sports and athletics (1986)
The value priorities for favorite sports were found to be achievement, exercise in a pleasant setting, sociability, good health and self-fulfillment
9. The Arousal-Performance Relationship: Task Characteristics and Performance Measures in Track and Field Athletics (1988)
The relationship between arousal and performance results in a different description depending upon the performance measure
10. Study on Athletes' State Anxiety Before Competition (2001)
This study suggests that the CSAI-2 state anxiety scale reliable is and the closer the competition comes, the higher the athletes state anxiety
11. Depression and chronic fatigue in the high school student and athlete (1991)
The conclusion is that those who derive positive experiences, benefit from enhanced feelings of physical self-efficacy and self-esteem
12. An analysis of the training stress syndrome in competitive athletics (1990)
Training stress is necessary for training gain
13. Personality hardiness, burnout and sport competition anxiety among athletics and wrestling coaches (2010)
Athletic coaches were found to be younger, greater in control disposition of personality hardiness and having lesser amount of competition anxiety compared to wrestling coaches
14. Situational differences in the coping processes of student-athletes (1995)
Some of the impact of the objective situation is captured in the transactional construct of appraisal
15. Relationships among Athletic Identity, Coping Skills, Social Support, and the Psychological Impact of Injury in Recreational Participants (2001)
Individuals' satisfaction with their social support network was significantly related to mood disturbance
16. Coping self-efficacy, pre-competitive anxiety, and subjective performance among athletes (2010)
Improving the coping self-efficacy beliefs of the coaches client may enhance athletic performance
17. Self-handicapping tendencies, coping, and anxiety responses among athletes (2003)
Self-handicapping tendencies are related to general and specific emotion coping strategies when dealing with a slump
18. A multivariate analysis of male athlete personality characteristics: Sport type and success (1997)
Moderator variables involving sport type are of primary importance in the development of theory involving sports-personality relationships
19. Athletics, perfectionism, and disordered eating (2004)
The greatest risk factor for disordered eating attitudes for female athletes was found to be perfectionism
20. Personality preferences of college student-athletes (2007)
Student-athletes may have a higher rate of "sensing" than nonathletes because many competitive athletes live "in the moment" to achieve success in their personal sport
21. Academic Motivation and the Student Athlete (1999)
Fear of failure plays an important role in academic motivation in both nonrevenue and revenue student athletes
22. Attributional style and athletic performance: Strategic optimism and defensive pessimism (2008)
Athletes need to differentiate between two forms of pessimism and their differential impact on performance
23. Winners' and losers' attributions for success and failure in a series of athletic events (1980)
Luck and difficulty were perceived to have little meaning and success was attributed to internal factors whereas failure was attributed to external factors
24. Attribution of athletic expertise by college coaches (2001)
In this study finding for practice effort were consistent with deliberate practice theory
25. Self-efficacy, causal attribution, and track athletic performance following unexpected success or failure among elite sprinters (2003)
Success and failure increases and decreases self-efficacy and stability of causes mediates the feedback
26. The arousal–athletic performance relationship: Current status and future directions (1992)
The relationship among anxiety, stress, arousal, and related terms are discussed just as other existing theories
27. Arousal interventions for athletic performance: Influence of mental preparation and competitive experience (1990)
Different mental preparation strategies can be used for increasing strength performance
1. Psychological skills of Greek badminton athletes (2003)
This study could help badminton athletes and coaches to become more familiar with sport-specific psychological skills involved in badminton
2. Investigation of pre-competitive state anxiety of badminton players (2011)
Pre-competitive state anxiety had significant
difference between winners and losers
3. Relationship with College Badminton Athletes' Coping and Their Achievements (2009)
There are significant differences between male athletes and female ones in coping styles
4. Analysis on the Relationship between Badminton Special Training and College Students’ Physical Self-esteem (2009)
Except for physical condition, badminton special training had more effective role on the levels of physical self-esteem and other dimensions
5. Coping strategies used by Indonesian elite badminton players (1998)
There is a range of stressor dimensions into which a wide variety of specific stressful situations fit
6. The effects of a motivational general-mastery imagery intervention on the sport confidence of high-level badminton players (2001)
Mastery imagery may have a facilitative and stabilizing effect on confidence
7. The Will and the Training Means of the Badminton Athletes (2001)
The strong will of athletes is a key factor in winning or losing
8. Relationship between pre-competitions anxieties and situational factors of university badminton players (2005)
There was no gender difference in pre-competitive somatic anxiety
9. The relationship between locus of control, self-esteem and goal orientation, motivational climate in badminton players (2010)
The higher a badminton athletes' mastery climate is, the more internal his/her locus of control becomes
10. Gender difference in achievement motivation of intervarsity level badminton players (2011)
The effects of gender differences on achievement motivation of university badminton players
11. Application of Attribution Training to Badminton Option Course at College (2008)
Attribution training is superior to the traditional
teaching method, thus improves their performance
The influence of self-efficacy on competition outcome may depend on contextual, personal, physical, cognitive, and emotional factors during competition
1. Intensity and interpretation of pre-competitive anxiety in high school baseball players (2006)
Highly self-confident players interpreted somatic anxiety symptoms as more facilitative to performance than the mid and low self-confidence groups
2. Anxiety, progressive muscle relaxation training, and recuperation of a baseball pitcher's arm (2010)
Baseball pitchers are at risk for injury because of the physiological stress related to pitching and the psychological stress related to sport performance anxiety
3. Self-Confidence and Baseball Performance: A Causal Examination of Self-Efficacy Theory (1994)
Stronger self-efficacy predicted greater effort in six games and higher hitting performance
4. The relation between self-efficacy and sport performance: Evidence from a sample of youth baseball players (1994)
Subsequent efficacy was predicted by previous hitting performance
5. Psychological mood profiles of sighted and unsighted beep baseball players (1988)
Unsighted players have higher tension and depression scores than sighted players
6. The Influence of Personality on Sports Injuries Among Baseball Athletes (2005)
If a baseball athlete is more extroversive and has more negative life stress, he is more prone to having acute injuries
7. Personality prototypes in college baseball players (2011)
The student athlete subsample revealed more resilient types and less over controlled types than the nonstudent athlete subsample
8. Effects of batting performance feedback on motivational factors and batting performance in youth baseball (1995)
Contact average may be more appropriate feedback for young players because it is less ambiguous
1. Effect of perceived ability, game location, and state anxiety on basketball performance (1998)
Males and females experienced significantly higher cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, and lower self-confidence as the ability level of the opponent increased
2. The effects of competitive anxiety on memory span and rebound shooting tasks in basketball players (1993)
A partial support for Eysenck theoretical model is given
3. Role of competitive anxiety in the performance of black college basketball players (1986)
Correlations of anxiety and performance with stress were low to moderate
4. The correlation between depression and life quality in players of the Regional Wheelchair Basketball League (2011)
The level of quality of life of the athletes may decrease in parallel with an increase in depressive mood states
5. Talk About the Basketball Player Depression to Their Influence (2002)
The coach should regulate player's mood in the training and competition
6. The influence of perceived stress on coping with competitive basketball (1990)
Subjects reporting high levels of competitive stress use increased effort and resolve, problem-focused coping, social support-seeking, and wishful thinking coping strategies
7. Psychological skills of Greek basketball players (2006)
Differences of the psychometric properties of the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28
8. Motivational climate and intrinsic motivation of Young basketball players (1998)
Scores for perceptions of a task-involving climate were significantly correlated intrinsic
9. The relationship between motivation and self-efficacy in competitive athletes participating in swimming, ice hockey, and basketball (1992)
The relationship between motivation and self-efficacy in athletes was examined
10. Comparison of Relationships Among Team Cohesion Scores and Measures of Team Success in Male Varsity Basketball Teams (2012)
Cohesion-performance relationship in basketball
11. Changing attributions with an attribution training technique related to basketball dribbling (1997)
The influence of attribution training in a sport setting and the use of a controllable, unstable dimensional orientation as a means to improve performance
12. The Experimental Research on Attribution Training in Basketball Classes in Traditional Chinese Medical Universities (2008)
Basketball abilities and competence can be improved by attribution training
13. Appling the Attribution Theory to Basketball Technique Teaching (2009)
Basketball teachers should carry out self-attribution and grasp attribution technique
Free‐throws were more frequently overthrown when attempted during crucial rather than non‐crucial game situations
1. Psychological Intervention Technology for Chinese Talent Athletes Competing in Biathlon (2010)
Athletic competition is influenced by cognition confusion, and negative emotions
2. Performing Under Pressure: The Effects of Physiological Arousal, Cognitive Anxiety, and Gaze Control in Biathlon (2007)
Choking under pressure is associated with changes in visual attention
3. Evidence of Improved Shooting Precision in Biathlon After 10 Weeks of Combined Relaxation and Specific Shooting Training (2011)
A combination of ATR and specific shooting training seems to be instrumental in enhancing the shooting performance in biathlon
About Dr Alan Goldberg who give advices to develop mental toughness, to give trick to handle competitive pressure, and to go over riders' limits.
2. Cycling – Importance of bike set-up (2006)
Give a real planning to train with the different phases
3. Cycling in the Zone (2010)
Discussion about performance and experiences of the professional athlete in cycling sports.
4. Cycling Psychology (1989)
Give methods to find what is our motivation and cultivate the source of this motivation.
5. Competition and Intrinsic Motivation in Physical Activity: A Comparison of Two Groups (2003)
Comparison between a group of cyclists and a group of fitness exercisers to measure the relationship between competitive attitudes, physical activity, participation motivation and adherence level in both group.
6. Effects of Motivational Music on Work Output and Affective Responses during Sub-Maximal Cycling of a Standardized Perceived Intensity (2004)
Music can increase pleasure during the effort and push the athlete to make more efforts.
7. Effects of Music Tempo upon submaximal Cycling Performance (2010)
Study showing that faster- tempo-music increases the performance of cyclists.
Website : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.00948.x/abstract;jsessionid=BEB6E52D3991DF083906C32EB674F9AC.d03t03?systemMessage=Wiley+Online+Library+will+be+disrupted+on+26+May+from+10%3A00-12%3A00+BST+%2805%3A00-07%3A00+EDT%29+for+essential+maintenance&userIsAuthenticated=false&deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=
8. Every Second Counts (2008)
Book about Lance Armstrong, he is telling us his carrier with obstacles, success, joy and fear.
9. Instrumentation and motivations for organised cycling: the development of the cyclist motivation instrument (2009)
Study that measures influences of environmental factors on motivation
10. Mood and cycling performance in response to three weeks of high-intensity, short-duration overtraining, and a two-week taper (1999)
This study examines changes in mood and performance in response to high-intensity, short-duration overtraining and a subsequent taper
11. Motive of competitive and non-competitive cyclists (2006)
This study examines various motives for beginning to practice cycling. Shows differences between men and women.
12. Personality Characteristics of Competitive and Recreational Cyclists (1998)
Studies on correlations between personality and competences.
13. Psychological responses to brief exhaustive cycling exercise in the morning and the evening (1998)
Experiment to measure if anxiety and mood state vary depending on the time of practising (morning or evening)
14. Sport Psychology for cyclist
Focuses on the importance of psychological factors on bicycling's performance: mental control, self-confidence, mental skills.
15. Sport psychology in cycling (2009)
Advices for people who want to coach bicycling trainers.
16. Sport Psychology Training for Cyclists (2012)
Focus on the importance of developing mental skills, and from this basis developing others skills as motivation, relaxation, thoughts control, event management and pain management.
17. The Ultimate Cyclist
CD from Dr Rick to improve motivation, relaxation and focus on the bike
18. Perceptual and Physiological responses to Cycling and Runnings in groups of Trained and untrained Subjects (1990)
Study that show the effects of specialized training upon both physiological performance and perceptual responses
19. Ultimate Cyclist
CDs using relaxation in order to help cyclists to improve their relaxation on the bike
20. Using Sport Psychology to Improve Cycling
Testimony of a girl who follows the advices of a sport psychologist.
21. Video-Assisted Cycling alters Perception of Effort and Increase Self-selected Exercise Intensity (1998)
Shows the benefits of using indoor exercise video to improve the physiological responses and performance.
22. Welcome to Cycling Psychology
Professional athlete who gives advices to reach a new level of performance by exercises.
23. Winning Sport Psychology for Every Cyclists
CD from Dr Beale to unlock the hidden power of the mind in order to gain a competitive edge, based on relaxation, mental rehearsal and attitude enrichment.
1. Body Building
CDs that uses hypnosis to increase muscles capacities
2. Body Building – Mental Mastery
CDs that uses hypnosis to increase competences by enhancing the mental training
3. Development of the Muscle Dysmorphia Inventory (2004)
Study that permits to know the risk to develop a muscle dysmorphia inventory
4. Eating to win (2009)
Gives some advices of what body-builders should eat to increase their performance.
5. Exercise dependence, Social physique anxiety and Social support in experienced and inexperienced bodybuilders and weightlifters (2000)
Experiment that investigates psychological correlates of exercise dependence in experienced and inexperienced bodybuilders. Measure of social physique anxiety, bodybuilding identity and social support among bodybuilders.
6. Get Mental with The Psychology of Strength (2007)
Gives advices to control the mind in order to be stronger and more successful.
7. Goal Setting: Your body-building road map
Highlights the importance of having a goal to get motivation in order to be more successful
8. Hypnotic body-building
Self hypnosis is used to increase the efficient of the body by helping body-builders to accomplish physically what they want.
9. Lou Ferrigno: Sports Psychology Interview (1994)
Lou Ferrigno, Professional bodybuilder and actor, talks about his experiences, his feeling, how to manage them during an interview
10. Motivation for your body-building
The first motivation is to love body-building, highlight the importance of breathing of controlling the thoughts and changing the training regularly
11. Psychology and Body-building (2008)
Chapter of a book about Body-building tackles competition and training, psychological skills training.
12. Power Motivation, Power Body-building
Video with subliminal messages to get motivation and increase efficience.
13. Recreational Drugs and Body-building
Advertise body-builders of the consequences of using drugs that it decreases considerably their performances.
14. Social Physique anxiety, Body Esteem, and social anxiety in Bodybuilders and Self-reported anabolic Steroid users (1996)
Study that compares bodybuilders and non-bodybuilders in social anxiety scale, body-anxiety scale and body strength.
15. Sport as a Drug and Drugs in Sport (2003)
Advertises consummation of drugs by explaining the consequences.
16. Study on the Motivations of the Female Participants Who Take Part into Fitness and Beauty Exercise Club (2002)
Study on women's reasons to start building their body, the results shows that the main exercise motivations are beauty-appreciating, communication and competence displaying.
17. The Body-building Mind
Gives tips to build a body-building mind and then develope it.
18. The New Encyclopedia of modern Bodybuilding
Written by Arnold Schwarzenegger, he talks about diet and nutrition, sport psychology, treatment and prevention of injuries and methods of training.
19. Think like a body-builder
Highlights the importance of understanding what sport is about to be able to achieve an optimum muscle development
20. Training- Injury Prevention and recovery
Explains how to manage injury caused by the sport and how to progress from injury
1. Bowling Psychology (2008)
The article specifies the importance of using a combination of mental techniques to achieves success (visualization, relaxation, concentration, subliminal)
2. Bowling Tips: How to be a Better Bowler with Sport Psychology and Self-hypnosis
Gives some advices to bowl in the zone, for a best performance bowlers need to be calm, confident and focused when they are under pressure.
3. Bowling Together, Bowling Alone: The Development of Generalized Trust in Voluntary Associations (1998)
Article that shows the benefits of bowlers to be in an association
4. Effect of differential self-monitoring and level of mastery on sports performance: Brain Power Bowling (1982)
Research that shows that positive self-monitoring improves bowling averages of unskilled league bowlers.
5. Handbook of Bowling Psychology (2007)
Book that offers sound advice, practice exercises and interview for coaches and practitioners
6. Master Bowling Expertise
CD with subliminal message as “I'm the winner” to enhance self-confidence during sport.
7. Masterful Ten Pin Bowling
Link of a hypnotic download which helps Bowlers to find their “zone”, which is the abilities to block out distractions during sport.
8. Mindset of a champion
Video about professional bowlers who explain how to manage pressure and stay focused during sport.
9. Psychological and Psychomotor skills Associated with Prowess at ten-pin Bowling (1996)
Article about characteristics of skilled bowlers: greater mental toughness, higher degree of planning and evaluation, greater consistency, more interest in improvement and less use of luck attribution
10. Review of “Sport Psychology Library” - Bowling : The Handbook of Bowling Psychology (2006)
The book is a guide to the understanding of mental demands of bowling
11. Sport Psychology and Bowling (2011)
Mediation and relaxation are important techniques to success according to Dr Jai Granat
12. The Mental Game of Bowling
Concentration techniques on how to become a better bowler.
13. The Relationship of Task and Ego Orientation to Performance-Cognitive Content, Affect and Attributions in Bowling (1993)
Article that talks about the two primary goal perspectives (task orientation and ego orientation) which reflect how individuals judge their competences and their failure
14. Zen Bowling
CD that relaxes you by focusing your attention on sport and staying cool and calm under pressure.
1. Anger and Fighting in Competition (2011)
Explains the importance to reach the optimal arousal to be efficient, gives a good explanation on what “optimal arousal” is
2. Anticipating your Opponent Action (2011)
Paying attention to the other's way of fight and predict his future attacks in order to be the best.
A specialist doctor in Sport Psychology gives some advices to increase boxers' competences
4. Boxing and Sport Psychology (2009)
Explains what a boxer needs as mental skills. Need to be relaxed before the fight, need to be confident, need to know their strength and their weakness.
5. Boxing Psychology
Presents the physiological response to the practice of boxing (Eustress, Stress, anxiety and arousal) and also presents the solution to fight against them (Imagery, relaxation, self talk, goal setting and self motivation)
6. Boxing: The Psychology behind a successful boxer
Explains how boxers need to desensitise themselves during fight by controlling emotional and attentional state.
7. Combat Sport Psychology (2008)
Interview with a professional boxer who explains all the benefits of having a good coach
8. Even Fighters Get the Blues (2008)
Clinical case presentation of a fighter with depression.
9. Fighting Through Fatigue (2008)
Explains fatigue based on the Motivational Intensity Theory in which the degree of effort is determined by the justifiability and the attainability of the goal.
10. Fighting for Success: Lessons from the Cage Applied to Life (2008)
In this article, they look through the eyes of a fighter to find out what it takes to succeed in whatever we do.
11. Fight News Unlimited Interview with Dr Randy Borum (2008)
Interview with Dr Randy Borum about the different mental aspect of fighting.
12. High Confidence leads to Success (2011)
Explains how to be more confident and gives some advices to reach this state.
13. Learning to Switch of your Brain (2008)
When we are stressed by something, it's very hard to suppress it and not to think about it, the solution is to use the Mindfulness, means to be fully on the present and don't consider the future events or the past events.
14. Re-train the Negative Brain (2008)
Explains that we have a stronger emotional response when it's something unpleasant. We can take advantage of this by creating the “Learned Optimism” which can change the level of happiness. This article explains how to do it and how to take advantage in fights from this.
15. Sport Psychology: Boxing and Martial Art and Hypnosis – How to Hypnotize a fighter (2010)
Advices to enter in the zone by using hypnosis, self-hypnosis, visualization, meditation and guided imagery.
16. The Psychology of Fighting (2008)
Presents the main psychological process which occurs during fight as confidence and focus.
17. Sport Psychology – Positive Thinking (2008)
Importance of using positive thinking as a habit in daily life and then use it to be better
18. The Power of Breathing (2009)
Explains how to breathe during the fight and how to be stronger by breathing appropriately
19. Three Keys to success in Sport
This article highlights the importance of having good instructions, repetitive practices and trust our proper capabilities.
20. When the Going Gets Though, The Though get Mindful (2009)
Talks about the concept “Mindfulness” which plays a role in persistence during difficult tasks. The main explanation is to focus on the present, “here and now”
21. You Gotta Have Faith
Highlights the importance to believe in our capacities to be the best
1. Basic Kayak Skills (2010)
Gives advices for beginners to have the first contact with this sport.
2. Concentration and Imagery for Canoe Sport (2004)
Power point which is about setting, concentration, automaticity, routines and imagery.
3. Is controllability of imagery related to canoe-slalom performance? (2002)
Study which investigated the relationship of controllability of mental imagery with canoe-slalom performance
4. Focus, Attention and Sport Psychology for Canoeing and Kayaking
Explains the concepts deleting, distorting and generalising in everyday life and how it can affect the practice of canoeing.
5. Kinematic analysis of athlete’s movement in Flat water Kayak
Analysis of people movement in the canoe in order to improve performance and to avoid injuries
6. Performance and Theory of Canoe training
Book focuses only on Canoeing, with different parts: theory and performance, theory and training and diagnosis of the sporty performance.
7. Prevention of injuries in canoe-kayak athletes
This article exposes all the different current injuries which can occur when someone is practising canoe and explains why they appear in order to avoid them.
8. Research on Success Regularity of the Canoe and Kayak Athletes in Guangdong Province (2012)
Analysis of the growing process of athletes in Guangdong Canoeing Team in order to apply their techniques to other teams.
9. Setting Goals
Importance to find goals in order to get motivation, Goals direct the athlete’s effort and help him detect his advantages as well as his weak points.
10. Skill development in canoeing and kayaking: an individualised approach (2010)
Book which talks about the development of skills in different sports, one chapter focuses on canoeing and kayaking
1. Martial Art Training – For Life! (2008)
Article about why people used to practise a martial art, some explanations are looking for health benefits, social benefits and skill development.
2. Thinking about my Sport: Capoeira (2011)
Someone shares with us his feelings about Capoeira. He says that capoeira is about respect, and how the skills that you learn through this sport can be applied in everyday life
3. Bidna Capoeira
Article which explains that capoeira is a good solution for children in refugee camps who are often victims of violence, poverty, bad living conditions to help them to release aggression and find joy to play.
This article presents Capoeira and explains that it seeks to inspire and empower people to realize their full potential as responsible, confident, productive members of society
1. Anxiety – Performance relationships in Climbing: a process-oriented approach (2003)
Shows that anxiety is really present in climbers and influence their performances.
2. Case study – Mental techniques for climbing (2008)
A professional woman talks about the “plateau effect”, it's when the development of the capacities gets slow down. She explains this effect and gives us advices to avoid it.
3. Changes in the Perception of Action Possibilities while Climbing to fatigue on a Climbing wall (2007)
Shows the influence of the perception of our proper capacities
4. Climbing Behavior: The Nature and Benefits of Children’s Climbing Behaviors (2007)
Benefits of climbing during childhood favorise the cognitive development, the affective domain and motor skills.
5. Effects of Performance Anxiety on effort and Performance in Rock Climbing : A test of processing efficiency theory (2007)
Three studies which show that higher levels of anxiety are associated with higher levels of effort and higher levels of performance.
6. Individual Differences and Risk Taking in Rock Climbing (2008)
Shows correlations between males with a high self-efficacy and risk-taking.
7. Mental Control (1998)
Talks about mental control especially during competitions by developing self-confidence, using mental imagery and controlling doubt and negative thoughts
8. Motivation and Performance: How to Elevate Both? (2010)
This article presents the two mains motivations: intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. Insists on the fact that it's better to focus on intrinsic motivation to enhance ourselves and find satisfaction in climbing.
9. Movement imagery in rock climbing: patterns of interference from visual, spatial and kinaesthetic secondary tasks (1998)
Study shows the working memory as a role in the construction of imagery mental.
10. Prepare for a Rock Climbing Competition
Gives advices to prepare a rock climbing competition depending on the time before the competition (3 months/ 1 week/ 3 days/ the morning before the competition). Gives nutrition and physical training advices
11. Pre-performance psychological states and performance in an elite climbing competition (2010)
The psychological states preceding climbing competition appeared to be important factors in determining success.
12. Psychological Profile of Rock Climbers: State and Trait Attributes (1998)
This article highlights the correlation between specific traits attributes / psychological profiles and rock climbing abilities.
13. Quality of Experience and Risk Perception in High-Altitude Rock Climbing (2003)
Study which shows that risk plays a minor role in climbing.
14. Self-efficacy, risk-taking and performance in Rock Climbing (2008)
Self-efficacy is associated with high risk behaviors in climbers
15. Sensation Seeking among Mountain Climbers (1991)
Explains how climbers use this sport to have sensations
16. Skill Development and Climbing
Shows benefits of climbing, it develops social and emotional skills, cognitive skills and physical skills.
17. Study on Mental Imagery in Climbing (2011)
Study which shows that climbers who use mental imagery tend to be better than the others. There is also a link to pass a survey to know if we use mental imagery.
18. The Impact of Motivational Imagery on the Emotional State and Self-Efficacy Levels of Novice Climbers (2002)
This study examines the impact of an imagery script intervention on the levels of perceived stress, self-efficacy and climbing performance of volunteer female participants
19. The Influence of Anxiety on Visual Attention in Climbing (2008)
The object of the study is to investigate anxiety-induced changes in movement and gaze behavior in novices on a climbing wall.
20. The Rock Warrior's Way
Arno Ilgner draws essential elements from the rich "warrior" literature, as well as from sports psychology, and combines these with his extensive climbing experience to create “The Rock Warrior's Way”
21. The use of Imagery in Climbing (2003)
This study highlights how climbers use imagery and increase the body of research of the types of imagery used across various athletic situations.
22. Tips to an Climbing Injury Free Season (2010)
Advices to avoid Injuries
23. Training for Climbing (2008)
Book which provides exercises to get better in climbing
1. Basic Sports Psychology (2008)
Summary of all theories about Sport Psychology: Types of visualisations best arousal level, relaxation, realism, regularity, reinforcement, focus and flow control, zen approach.
2. Batting on a Sticky Wicket: Identifying sources of Stress and Associated Coping Strategies for professional Cricket Batsmen (2007)
Research shows that professional motives for participating in cricket are based on experiencing feelings of competence, affiliation, competition and fun
3. Championship Cricket
CD which uses hypnosis technique to visualise ourselves in a competition condition.
4. Cricket Psychology
This article highlights the fact that visualisation or guided imagery is a very powerful technique that can help increase both your efficiency and effectiveness in achieving your cricket goals
5. Cricket tips: Psychology (2006)
Necessity of having a strong mental game by being focused during it
6. Cricket, Sport Psychology and hypnosis
Using visualisation and hypnosis increase the team performance, it puts down stress during the match
7. Confidence is as important as ability (2008)
Importance of trusting in ourselves even if we make mistakes
8. Cricket mental training: Performance relaxation (2010)
Too much stress impacts negatively on our performance, using practical exercises on performance breathing and physical relaxation to recharge and relax.
9. Cricket Mental Training: The Power Of The Subconscious Mind (2010)
Importance to create a goal strategy by identifying the performance areas and the changers you would like, identifying the benefits, and picture and imagine ourselves performing as we desire.
10. Performance Visualisation and Imagery for Cricket (2010)
Aboard visualisation and imagery as a way to improve skills
11. Self-esteem sets the parameters of all goal achievement (2010)
Importance of having a big goal even if it's not reachable in order to have a big motivation, importance to have an opinion on our capacities.
12. Sport Psychology
Methods to be more efficient: principles to observe in mental rehearsal (where and how often), importance to develop a performance plan and having a good coach.
13. Sport Psychology
Dr Sandy Gordon explains the importance of finding the Optimal Emotional Performance Zone, of identifying the training objective in order to be better.
14. The Incredible Power of Self Belief and Self Confidence in Playing Great Cricket
Gives some advices to help to construct an image of excellence of ourselves in order to reach the success.
1. How Elite Skiers Train Their Cognitive Muscles (2010)
Example of a skier who follows a training program with physical and mental exercises. Strong influence of mental exercises.
Suggestions to improve our cross country skiing technique based mainly on relaxation
3. Four tips for Improving your Cross Country Skiing Skills (2010)
Gives tips to be better, more technical tips
4. Mental strength training (2010)
Article with the aim to understand our goal for practising this sport in order to enjoy it as much as possible
5. The research about Cross-country skiing athletes of special psychological characteristics (2012)
The differences between the best and the others is linked to psychological characteristics.
6. Unlock the Hidden Powers of your Mind and Gain a Competitive Edge (1998)
CD to enter in the psychological state “the zone”, three main steps: voluntary relaxation/energy control, mental rehearsal and attitude adjustment.
1. Cycling while pregnant keeps you fit and prepares your body for the uphill struggle of childbirth (2010)
Physical and psychological benefits of moderate, low-impact exercise such as cycling during a low-risk pregnancy. A personal account.
2. Psychological responses to brief exhaustive cycling exercise in the morning and the evening (1998)
An examination of whether psychological responses to exhaustive cycling exercise will vary depending on whether the exercise was done in the morning or evening. Additionally mood state following the exhaustive exercise is also examined.
3. Sports Psychology in Cycling (2009)
An overview of sports psychology according to the British cycling association. Outlining definition, skills and techniques to improve performance, relaxation techniques and goal setting.
4. Cycling Psychology (1989)
Abstract on cycling psychology. Identification of the ways in which an athlete can be motivated is discussed.
5. Cycling Psychology
A website aimed at helping athletes achieve
Control over pre-competition anxiety, Laser sharp concentration, Unshakeable belief and confidence, Supreme mental toughness, Higher levels of motivation
6. Sport Psychology for Cyclists
Getting the right mind set to improve cycling performance. The importance of psychological factors in performance.
7. The Bicycle Story (2011)
The psychology of cyclist hating drivers. Dynamic relationship between cyclists and drivers on the road. Supporting research from Bath University in the UK who carried out research on traffic psychology and drivers dominant behaviours towards cyclists.
8. Under the Helmet: the psychology of cycling (2012)
How riders prepare mentally for a stage race, how their mental preparation affect their physical performance and injury risk, and what they are thinking when they tackle a mountain climb on the Tour de France
9. Personality Characteristics of Competitive and Recreational Cyclists (1998)
A journal article outlining the Personality Characteristics of Competitive and Recreational Cyclists.
10. Mood and cycling performance in response to three weeks of high-intensity, short-duration overtraining, and a two-week taper (1999)
A research paper examining changes in mood and cycling performance as a result of high intensity short duration training and a two week taper.
11. The sports Psychologists Handbook”, a guide for sport specific performance enhancement (2011)
12. Thieme E-Journals
Ratings of Perceived Exertion and Heart Rates During Short-Term Cycle Exercise and Their Use in a New Cycling Strength Test
Triathlon sports psychology – ways in which you can improve your swim, bike and run performance
14. Cycling in adversity (2010)
The confidence coach discusses mental clarity and focus in sport.
1. The Psychology of Dance (1995)
Information in which teachers are informed on how to help dancers with psychological preparation. This book looks at the mental side of dance outlining the important psychological skills and concepts related to dance as a sport.
2. Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology (2011)
The Imagery and movement of dance. Dancing in the dark, an insight into the movement and being of dance as a creative art and expression of ones self/
3. Motor skill experts in sports, dance and other domains (1991)
The role of skilled memory, motor skills in relation to dance, the matching of performance in comparison to ideal form. A research study on performance, skill and the ability to recall steps.
4. 23 Feelings in dance. When we watch dance what do we ‘see’? (2010)
Can we recognise emotions expressed through the movement of the body during dance? A research project which is being designed to tell how good people are at recognising clusters of emotion in dance.
5. Psychology Today.
A blog and web page designed by Peter Lovatt PhD devoted to looking at dance and dancers through the lens of psychology.
6. Dealing with the injured dancer (1994)
The alarming rate of injuries reported by dancers and the low rate at which these injuries are seen and treated by medical professionals. Theories suggesting the possible practical and psychosocial barriers that prevent dancers from seeking medical assistance. Recommendations made in order to remove these barriers and facilitate the acquisition of medical attention for dancers injuries.
7. Personality through body movements (2010)
Can the way you dance reveal more about your personality than it can about your sense of rhythm? Psychologists have argued that the way we dance is influenced by our hormones and genetic make up. Is there a link between dancing and self confidence?
8. The Dance Psychology Lab. The university of Hertfordshire
The dance psychology lab consists of academic psychologists, dancers, choreographers, dance teachers and artists who carry out research and consultancy activities to better understand people who engage in dance, viewing this from a sports psychology perspective.
9. Dance movement therapy (2005)
A research article which assessed the profiles of psychological health and changes in neurohormones of adolescents with mild depression after 12 weeks of dance movement therapy.
10. The Joy Dance (2007)
Specific effects of a single dance intervention on psychiatric patients suffering from depression. Investigating specific effects of this dance intervention on lowering depression and increasing vitality and positive effect in 31 psychiatric patients.
11. Evolutionary Dance Psychology. Why men won’t dance?
A theory that women dance in order to encourage men to dance and in doing so to learn about men.
12. Eye Tracking. Sexual attraction on the dance floor (2010)
The amount of time a man spends looking at a women’s hips whilst she is dancing may be related to his attraction to her. Research found there was a connection between the way males and females dance and there hormone levels.
13. Sports Psychology. Mind Tools.
A page dedicated to dance, with tips and tools on goal setting and motivation, imagery and simulation and focus and flow.
14. Toward a Psychology of Being
The psychology of being, the effectiveness of the creativity of Dance.
15. Lift the mind and the body will follow (2011)
An article which speaks about the intelligence of dancers and the injuries they face.
16. Taking your VO2 to the max (2010)
Optimizing the bodies VO2 max (The bodies ability to consume Oxygen) as an elite athlete.
17. Psychology of Dealing with the Injured Dancer (1994)
A paper on the psychology of dealing with the injured dancer.
Wikipedia website defining dance from a psychological angle.
19. Sex and Dancing (2010)
Dancing and arousal, why women dance differently during time of menstruation
A link to a book which looks at traditional dancing as a cure for sexual arousal problems.
An insight into the thoughts of a darts psychologist as he speaks about performance and stamina.
2. Sports Psychology: Adrian Lewis - Champion!
Tuning your mind to a feeling of unbeatability. World Champion dart thrower shows how sports psychology helped him to repeat the win and claim the world title for a second time.
3. How to minimize the effects of dartitis.
Understanding the dart throwing condition ‘dartitis’. Tips on how to overcome this condition. Dart techniques, strategies and skills.
4. Dart performance centre.
Sports psychology and performance analysis of the game.
A website which includes various articles covering psychological factors associated with darts including Choking, Relaxation and Getting a mental edge.
6. The importance of psychology in darts
A forum/blog where dart players discuss their experiences in the relation to the importance of sports psychology and mental training in darts.
Dart-smart, performance features and technique.
1. Diving: Tom Daley - Lost Move Syndrome
Sports Psychology blog, accounting a personal experience of a young diver with ‘Lost move syndrome’ and the quality of mental training needed to overcome it.
2. Things that get rewarded get done!
The importance of remembering the motivated and positive divers when coaching as a result of too much attention being given to the less motivated and disruptive.
3. Sport Psychology – Diving and Mental Toughness
A video on diving and mental toughness.
4. Blocked by Fears? Get Yourself Unstuck! (2012)
Sports psychologist and mental toughness training consultant discusses how he helps divers overcome fears and blocks to allow them to return to their potential.
5. Coaching and Feedback
The art of coaching in Diving. A discussion on feedback.
6. Mammalian Diving reflex
An article explaining the mammillion diving reflex and how it is induced when the face is submerged into water.
An interactive sight for world class duathalon training. Including sports psychology and one to one training
2. Sport Psychology consultant – Cheryl Hart
A blog from a sports psychologist consultant who participated in duathlons and marathons throughout her career as a psychologist.
3. How to train for your first duathlon? (2011)
Steps on how to compete in your first duathlon, including tips and warnings.
Nutrition and hydration plan for optimum mental capacity during a duathlon race.
5. An Angel and a Hero: Courage Personified
The psychology of well being. Sleep, Food, Mood and Exercise. Why these contribute to a vibrant health.
Why sports psychology and mental health are crucial to achieving peak performance. In relation to Duathlon competing.
Life sport coaching, a blog which provides personal trainer accounts tips and advice on achieving and succeeding in sports such as the duathlon.
Research article on Antecedents of multidimensional competitive state anxiety and self-confidence in duathletes.
9. Duathlon Training & Racing for Ordinary Mortals
Pathway to mobilizing motivation when considering trying a duathalon for everyday people who are not athletes. Introduction to the ordinary Mortals(R) Pathway to Mobilizing Motivation, or the OMPMM which has five stages and they are discussed in detail in this article.
10. Model your Athletic Inspiration for Motivation (2012)
The ways in which you can increase and model your athletic inspiration for motivation. Interesting examples given.
11. Handbook of sport psychology (2007)
A pdf paper on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sports and physical activity with reference to Duathlon training.
1. Mood and Psychological Skills of Elite and Sub-Elite Equestrian Athletes (1999)
A journal article expert in reference to the mood and psychological skills of equestrian athletes and how equestrian sport is based on human-equine interaction.
2. Case Study: A Team-Building Mental Skills Training Program with an Intercollegiate Equestrian Team (2002)
A study report of a team building mental skills with an equestrian team from more then one college or university, which focuses on team building issues.
3. Pre-competitive levels of arousal and self-confidence among elite and non-elite equestrian riders (2008)
A research paper which is concerned with the levels of arousal and confidence level of a professional equestrian rider before they compete.
It examines the effects of nerves and anxiety on performance level.
4. Sports Psychology and Equestrian (2011)
A sports psychology and equestrian website which contains advice on performance enhancement, personal growth and recovery from injury.
5. Equestrian Sports Psychology as a Career (2005)
A career as an equine sports psychologist , the benefits and challenging tasks involved. A personal account by a leading sports psychologist in the U.K.
6. Dr. Janet Edgette - Equestrian Sports Psychology
An equestrian sports psychology website featuring a blog by a trained equine sports psychologist.
7. Horse Directory (2000)
The way the horse thinks and how the owner must first help their horse to overcome their fears slowly and carefully. Horse personality and nature.
8. The Psychology of Success in Equestrian Sport (2010)
Information on a performance legacy workshop based in Bath, U.K. which deals with anxiety of riders during competition.
9. Training Horses Naturally
An introduction to horse psychology. Discussions on how your behaviour can affect the personality of your horse and how you must show your horse that they can trust you to guide and lead them before they will follow. Utilizing this behaviour through natural horse training is thought to be the best method.
10. Sport Psychology Services & Resources - Equestrian
Services and resources involved with equine psychology. Overcoming fears and blocks.
11. Equestrian Psychology (2006)
Equine psychology. How a professional attitude (an approach that is efficient, practical and well thought out) may help the rider to acquire tools for better performance.
12. Equestrian Sports Psychology as a Career (2005)
Equine competitive sports psychology. Understanding the development of mutual trust. Assisting a horse through a difficult or fearful situation.
13. Basic Horse Psychology (2000)
Mental process of horses with regards to humans, building trust and understanding their nature.
14. What is horse psychology?
A site where you can find information on the psychology of horses and understanding their behaviour in order to improve equine performance and enhance competitiveness.
15. Equine Competitive Sports Psychology
A recorded account of information on equine psychology where there has been a previous lack of knowledge. Visualization, breathing and technical skills.
16. Psychology of riding
Western rider development training. Contact details of a trained NLP sports psychologist. Advice and understanding.
17. Psychology for Horse and Rider
Horse psychology books and journal articles including titles on dancing with horses and creating a connection.
1. U. S. Olympic Fencing
Video on fencing tactics of Olympic fencers and the feeling of winning or loosing.
2. Psychology of Fencing: Things to Consider (2009)
Considering the psychological factors whilst fencing. Information and aspects of sports psychology that should be considered.
3. Competitive Advantage - Fencing
Assessing your personality to determine which kind of mental toughness and ability you have. Gaining a competitive advantage through psychological techniques.
4. Are you in the zone? (2011)
Things that motivate a young athlete competing in fencing. An experienced sports psychologists account.
5. Selberg Fencing
A fencing blog written by Selberg who is a well known fencer for his keen insights into the psychological and aesthetic.
1. Skill in field hockey: The nature of the cognitive advantage. (1987)
An abstract article on the importance of attributes which are determined by the central nervous system vs. cognitive attributes in the determination of expertise in field hockey.
An abstract article on the time motion analysis of elite field hockey. Brief information and understanding.
3. Sport Psychology
3 techniques on how to improve physical game through techniques. Improving conditioning and physical skills.
4. Competitive advantage - Field Hockey
Making a physical investment and working on the mental side of the game.
5. Field Hockey Clinics- Instruction- Consultancy & Sport Psychology Specialists - Jamie E. Robbins, Ph.D.
A field hockey clinic run by a doctor of sports psychology which aims to help athletes to control and use their emotions to benefit their performance.
6. Field Hockey Geek
An introduction to the importance of psychology in field hockey.
The psychological aspects of being a goalkeeper in field hockey. A real life blog account.
8. The Psychology of Professional Hockey
Field hockey- one of the most complex and emotional environments. Appreciating and understanding the psychology of sport.
Anxiety inventory abstract. Discriminant effectiveness of psychological state measures in predicting selection during field hockey trials.
Nervous skaters, how to overcome the fear of competition. What they are afraid of.
Seven psychological tips that figure skaters should know of.
3. Common treads of success
Tools of sports psychology and recommended reading for figure skating athletes.
4. Shy Skaters? Shyness, Coping, and Adjustment Outcomes in Female Adolescent Figure Skaters (2003)
A study examining shyness and the consequential adjustment outcomes in competitive figure skating for adults.
5. Pro Mind Figure Skating Strategies
Improving the area of your game. Ridding the figure skater of nervousness and frustration.
6. Sport Psychologist, coach and athlete a winning team
How to create a winning figure skating team, psychological tips for the coach and athlete in creating a winning dynamic.
7. Other Issues of Concern to Skaters and Parents
Issues of concern to skaters and parents such as eating disorders, drug and alcohol abuse sponsorship and financial management.
The difficulties of competing as a figure skater.
Mental training programme report.
Increasing popularity of figure skating as a sport, sport related injuries and illnesses.
11. The Future of Figure Skating
The essence of coaching a person in figure skating. The future of the sport.
The rating of fishing satisfaction and the degree to which it contributes to your well being.
2. The Psychology of “Fishing Man”
The psychology of the fishing man. Can fishing help to reduce stress and lower anxiety.
3. Performance Psychology and Fishing: Putting Your Brain to Work!!
The complex process of fishing, mastering your intellect. Performance psychology and fishing.
4. Head Case – The Psychology of Fishing
An article analysing the confidence levels of anglers, and how successful anglers are. How to get the best results.
5. The Psychology of Fishing – Confidence (2012)
Creating a belief in your own abilities, confidence improves fishing abilities.
1. The Football Psychology Articles
Football psychology columns looking at the psychology of the football players and managers. Each month the column examines a recent football event or story.
How the FA became the first to embrace the online learning of psychology, showing how football psychology is growing in importance.
Football psychology assessments, how to improve performance through an understanding of the mental side of the game.
Expert advice on how to overcome those “but clenching” tense games. Key to success.
5. Football Psychology
How football teams in the UK are enlisting the help of sports psychologists and mind coaches on a one-one to boost confidence during the game.
6. Psychology in Football (2010)
A guide to the role of the sports psychologist within elite sports clubs, and the argument that sports psychology is vital for the success of the players individually and as a team.
7. Dan Abrahams, helping footballers perform the best of their abilities.
Dan specialises in helping footballers perform at their best using simple sport psychology techniques.
8. How psychology helps football referees (2012)
The British psychological society, how sports psychology can help referees.
The psychological look into the behaviour of the football fan.
Soccer goal setting, achieving your football dreams. Long and short term goal setting.
A video on the psychology of spot-kicks from a man of vast experience. How the spot kick can play with the mind. 5 Tips on succeeding.
Psychological training for footballers, positive thinking, putting your mind on the game.
13. Football Psychology (2006)
Building success seeking habits into a footballers day, the impact the crowd has on the player both negative and positive.
The way in which one team uses words and psychology to their advantage in ‘American’ football.
How to stay mentally tough in the face of adversity.
1. Relationship between competitive trait anxiety, state anxiety, and golf performance: A field study (1980)
The relationship between competitive trait anxiety, state anxiety, and golf performance.
2. Path analysis examining relationships among cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, state confidence, performance expectations, and golf performance (1992)
The relationships among cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, state confidence, performance expectations, and golf performance.